Learning Goals 10e: Describe the processes that drive coastal upwelling, and explain how upwelling and sea surface temperatures create fog.

We introduced the concept of upwelling back in section ‘9c Walker Cell and ENSO’, but here, we will look at it in closer detail and explore the relationship between upwelling and sea fog.

Upwelling is the rise of cold, nutrient-rich water from the deep ocean to the ocean surface. Similar to ocean currents, it is influenced by winds, the Coriolis effect, and Ekman transport (Learning Goal 9d). In the North Pacific, winds travelling along the west coast line of North America exerts drag on the water and causes the water to move. Then, the Coriolis effect and Ekman transport act together on

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From Plastic to Steel: Consciousness is a Matter of Substance






Together with our crew, we move towards reducing single-use plastic water bottles onboard.

Wilhelmsen insights 17. Aug 2020
Wilhelmsen Ship Management

Choosing the reduce plastics onboard

The composition of plastic makes it one of the greatest environmental and marine life threat. The International Maritime Organisation (IMO)warns that plastic litter presents a huge problem to our oceans and if left uncurbed, there will be more plastics than fish by 2050.

Our shipping industry abides to MARPOL Annex 5- Garbage from Ships that streamlines the waste and garbage management onboard marine vessels. It is safe to say that there are existing guidelines in place for proper handling of waste products for vessels to prevent marine pollution.

However, following guidelines is not enough to create sustainable

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Ocean Infinity Adds World's Largest Marine Robotic Vessels to its Armada Fleet




Spearheading Marine Industry Movement to Carbon Neutral Operations


Ocean Infinity 

23 Nov, 2020, 07:00 GMT

AUSTIN, TexasNov. 23, 2020 /PRNewswire/  

Ocean Infinity is excited to announce plans for the next phase of its Armada fleet of robotic vessels with a signed contract for eight 78-metre, optionally crewed robotic vessels.

Designed for today's tasks but with tomorrow's in mind, these exceptionally fuel-efficient, onshore-controlled vessels will initially only utilise a skeleton crew onboard.  In due course they will be capable of working with no personnel offshore whilst also consuming solely renewable fuel such as ammonia.

"The impact and the scale of this robotic fleet will spark the biggest transformation the maritime industry has seen since sail gave way to

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Hurricane Iota Live Updates: Heavy Rain and Landslide Warning as Storm Hits Nicaragua




Nevv York Times

The storm is barreling across parts of Central America that are still reeling from Hurricane Eta’s impact earlier this month.


Hurricane Iota is expected to weaken to a tropical storm by Tuesday afternoon, the national hurricane center said.


Iota weakens, but risk of landslides and flooding remains high.

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