investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector

Ex-post evaluations of Directive 2009/21/EC on compliance with flag State requirements and Directive 2009/18/EC establishing the fundamental principles governing the investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector

 

https://ec.europa.eu/transport/sites/transport/files/2018-final-report-evaluations-fsd-aid.pdf

 

Ex-post evaluations of Directive 2009/21/EC and Directive 2009/18/EC 5 TABLE OF CONTENTS

GLOSSARY ................................................................................................................... 7

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................. 9

RÉSUMÉ.......................................................................................................................17

PART I – INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY AND CONTEXT ............................................27

 1. INTRODUCTION .....................................................................................................29

1.1 Background ...........................................................................................................29 

1.2. Objective of this report .........................................................................................29

1.3. Contents of this report..........................................................................................29 

2. METHODOLOGY......................................................................................................31

2.1. Evaluation criteria, questions and evaluation framework..........................................31 

2.2.Design of the evaluation........................................................................................32

2.3. Limitations of the evaluation.................................................................................35

3. CONTEXT...............................................................................................................37

3.1. Maritime safety ..................................................................................................37

3.2. Directive 2009/21/EC on compliance with flag State requirements.........................42

3.3. Directive 2009/18/EC on Accident Investigation ..................................................45

3.4. Counterfactual .................................................................................................47

PART II – ANALYSIS................................................................................................51

4. RELEVANCE .......................................................................................................53

4.1. Q1: Needs still relevant today...........................................................................53

4.2. Conclusion on Relevance .................................................................................56

5. EFFECTIVENESS ................................................................................................59

5.1. EQ 2: Scope & Coverage of IMO audits ............................................................59

5.2. EQ 3: IMO audits, transparency and availability ................................................62

5.3. EQ4: Transfer of flag register...........................................................................67

5.4. EQ5: To what extent EU MS have ratified International Conventions .................71

5.5. EQ 6: Port State Control and Flag States ........................................................74

5.6. EQ 7: Investigation bodies and accident investigations.....................................77

5.7. EQ 8: MS resources to implement directives ....................................................80

5.8. EQ 9: EMSA effects........................................................................................87

5.9. Conclusion on Effectiveness ...........................................................................89

6. EFFICIENCY ....................................................................................................91

6.1. EQ 10: AI record keeping and reporting system ..............................................91

6.2. EQ 11: Areas of administrative burden reduction and simplification ..................92

6.3. Conclusion on Efficiency ...............................................................................94

7. COHERENCE ...................................................................................................95

7.1. Q12: Coherence with EU maritime safety .......................................................95

7.2. Conclusion on Coherence ...........................................................................102

8. EU ADDED VALUE.........................................................................................105

8.1. Q13: EU added value compared to national and international regimes ...........105

8.2. Conclusion on EU added value ....................................................................111

PART III – CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .........................................113

9. CONCLUSIONS...............................................................................................115

10. RECOMMENDATIONS ...................................................................................121

Ex-post evaluations of Directive 2009/21/EC and Directive 2009/18/EC 6

ANNEX 1: EVALUATION FRAMEWORK .................................................................123

ANNEX 2: REFERENCES ......................................................................................125

ANNEX 3: INTERVIEW OVERVIEW .......................................................................127

ANNEX 4: INTERVIEW MINUTES ..........................................................................129

ANNEX 5: RATIFICATION INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS.....................................131

ANNEX 6: COHERENCE FSD, PSC AND AID.............................................................137

ANNEX 7: COHERENCE BETWEEN FSD AND OTHER EU MARITIME LEGISLATION .....139

ANNEX 8: COUNTRY PROFILES ..............................................................................143