Circulation in Marginal Seas and Estuaries

 

 

 

https://manoa.hawaii.edu/exploringourfluidearth

The content in this topic will work towards building an understanding of how differences in salinity and temperature cause density differences that affect ocean circulation.

Marginal Seas

 

Fig. 2.20. Some of the seas around Europe and Africa. The narrow Strait of Gibraltar connects the Mediterranean to the Atlantic ocean basin.

Image adapted from Wikipedia, modified by Brittany Supnet

 

Marginal seas are large, shallow bodies of water along continental edges or margins.  Marginal seas include the Arabian Sea, the Baltic Sea, the Bering Sea, the Beaufort Sea, the Black Sea, the Gulf of

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New Map Shows Seabed of Southern Ocean in Unprecedented Detail

 

June 10, 2022

The features of the ocean floor help to determine how water masses and ocean currents move and how they affect our climate. Biodiversity is also influenced by seafloor landforms. Accordingly, the most precise information possible on seafloor topography is indispensable for oceanographic and climate research. With the second version of the International Bathymetric Chart of the Southern Ocean (IBCSO v2), an international group of researchers led by the Alfred Wegener Institute recently presented the best and most detailed seafloor map of the Southern Ocean to date. The map and the complex methods used to create it have been published in the Nature journal Scientific Data.

Pivotal Role

Encircling the Antarctic continent, the Southern Ocean plays a pivotal role in the Earth system and

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Guía de meteorología.CANADA

https://publications.gc.ca/collections/

collection_2017/eccc/En56-240-2013-eng.pdf

 

Table of Contents Acknowledgements ..................................................................................................................II Foreword..................................................................................................................................III SECTION I: METEOROLOGY 101...........................................................................................1 Chapter 1: Marine Meteorology Primer................................................................................1 1. Convention for Units of Measurement ..........................................................................1 2. Weather Maps................................................................................................................2 3. Forecasting .....................................................................................................................5 3.1 Marine Weather Services ......................................................................................5 3.2 Forecast Tailoring..................................................................................................7 3.3 Other Considerations ..........................................................................................10 4. Marine Safety ...............................................................................................................15 5. Marine Meteorology.....................................................................................................16 Chapter 2: Wind...................................................................................................................... 25 1. Introduction.................................................................................................................25 2. How Wind is Formed ...................................................................................................25 3. Effects of Atmospheric Stability on Wind....................................................................27 3.1 Stable Atmosphere..............................................................................................27 3.2 Unstable Atmosphere..........................................................................................28 4. Nearshore Effects on Wind ..........................................................................................29 4.1 Solar Heating .......................................................................................................29 4.2 Topography ............................................................................................................. 33 4.3 Combined Effects ................................................................................................39 Chapter 3: Sea State................................................................................................................ 45 1. Introduction.................................................................................................................45 2. The Anatomy of a Wave...............................................................................................46 2.1 How Waves Form................................................................................................46 2.2 Wave Characteristics...........................................................................................47 2.3 Understanding Wave Forecasts..........................................................................48 3. Other Influences on Waves..........................................................................................50

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Informacion meteorológica

https://www.weather.gov/marine/marsh#wind

 

ACTIVE ALERTS
Warnings By State
Excessive Rainfall and Winter Weather Forecasts
River Flooding
Latest Warnings
Thunderstorm/Tornado Outlook
Hurricanes
Fire Weather Outlooks
UV Alerts
Drought
Space Weather
NOAA Weather Radio
NWS CAP Feeds

PAST WEATHER
Climate Monitoring
Past Weather
Monthly Temps
Records
Astronomical Data
Certified Weather Data

las corrientes en Terranova

https://www.researchgate.net/figure/a-Map-showing

-the-major-surface-subsurface-currents-in-

the-North-Atlantic-Ocean-Blue_fig1_282901258