The World Merchant Fleet in 2018 Statistics from Equasis




11.Themes and Tables


This report provides a picture of the world’s merchant fleet in 2018, derived from data contained in the Equasis database. It examines the structure and characteristics of the fleet and its performance.

The statistics are grouped into themes which could be of interest to the industry and regulators. The themes are as follows:

1. The Merchant Fleet Population

2. Classification Societies

3. P&I

4. Port State Control

5. Vetting Programmes and Trade Associations OVERVIEW Equasis is populated with data from most of the world’s merchant ships. Basic ship particulars are derived from the commercial database of IHS Markit Maritime & Trade. From a commercial and regulatory point of view, size and type of ship are two key criteria and therefore throughout this report the statistical analysis is based on these two elements.

For the “port State control” theme, ships will be divided into ship type categories derived from PSC databases. For the first time this document contains information on internationally operating fishing vessels over 100GT with an IMO number.

Therefore, it should be noted that direct comparisons with the figures from previous year should be used with caution as this has added over 25,000 ships to Equasis. These vessels now represent 21% of the ships in the database. Approximately one fifth of these vessels (5,224) are over 500GT and therefore are included, where appropriate, in the statistics after

Section 1. SIZE Ships are grouped by size into four categories: 1. Small ships 100 GT to 499 GT;

2. Medium ships 500 GT to 24,999 GT;

3. Large ships 25,000 GT to 59,999 GT; and,

4. Very Large ships ≥ 60,000 GT. The small ships size category reflects the main tonnage threshold for merchant ships to comply with the SOLAS Convention. This category also includes many ships which do not trade internationally and therefore are not covered by the International Conventions or the port State control regimes, but for which some flag States require the same standards.

A significant proportion of these ships are also too small to be covered by classification societies and by the vetting and trading organisations. They have, therefore, been excluded from most of the analyses in order to avoid distortion of the totals for ships which are generally covered by the International Legislation, port State Control, classification societies and other trade organisations.

To provide data for the whole merchant fleet, small ships are included in Chapters 2.1 and 2.2, and in the multiple inspection figures in

Chapters 5.1 and 5.6. Small ships are also taken into consideration when evaluating the fleet size of a company and the detention rate in

Chapter 6.3. Regulatory and commercial tonnage thresholds are not common to all ship types. As a compromise the medium, large and very-large categories (i.e.: 2, 3 and 4) have been chosen to divide the fleet into three approximately equal parts in terms of tonnage. These three together represent the larger worldwide trading merchant ships. C