Características del canal de Suez

 

 Las impactantes fotos satelitales que muestran al buque carguero MV Ever  Given atravesado en el Canal de Suez - Infobae

 infobae

 El canal de Suez es una arteria esencial para el comercio marítimo internacional.

En la imagen se muestran los barcos, iconizados por tipo, que se encuentran navegando por el canal de Suez y aguas la conectadas con el mismo.rutas (AEMC)

 

Suez Canal

The dredging of the canal took almost 10 years using Egyptian labor, and it was opened for navigation for the first time in 17 November 1869. Its depth was about 8 meters, its water are was 304 m 2 and the largest ship load that can pass through was 5000 tons, which was typical for ships sizes in these days. As the ships developed and increased its sizes, the canal needed to be developed, which happened when it was still a foreign joint venture before being publicized to take ships with depth of 35 feet and its water area to be 1200 m 2 by the end of 1956 and when the canal was publicized by the Egyptian government on the 26th of July 1956. The Egyptian administration was keen to develop the Navigation canal even more on different stages.

 

In May 1962, the water area of the canal was to reach 1800 m 2 and the allowed depth to 38 feet. In June 1966, a development was to be executed on 2 stages as it was announced the depth would reach 48 and 58 feet consecutively. This program was started, but was soon halted due to the war that erupted on the 5th of June, 1967. It was reopened for international; navigation in June 1975 after purifying it from the ships that sank in its bottom during in the 1967 and 1973 wars,The canal still with the same water area and depth as before it was closed. 

 

The development projects then started by the Egyptian administration and received to ships of a 210,000 tons load, specially after increasing the water area to 4800 m 2 and a ship draft of 62 feet , with a length of 191.80 km, in addition to the redesign of the canal's turns so that each one has a radius of at least 5000 m and also dredging a new bypass starting from the 17th km south of port said heading directly to the Mediterranean east of port Fouad to allow the loaded ships going north to go to the sea without passing through port said port.

 

The ship draft reached 66 feet by 2010, this stage taking all container vessels; about 17,000 container vessels; as well as taking all bulk vessels world wide. The Canal will be able to take in about 99 % of all methods used in world maritime transport after reaching a depth of 72 feet (Target stage,Under Study), as well as taking about 96.2% of the dead weight tons for the bulk vessels 80.3% of the petroleum tanks and a 100% of all the remaining types of ships used in maritime transport; specially container vessels with all its future generations; in addition to empty vessels reaching up to 440 thousand tons.

 

Stages of developing the Suez Canal :

Item

Unit

1869

1956

1962

1980

1994

1996

2001

2010

2015

Overall Length

Km

164

175

175

189.80

189.80

189.80

191.80

193.30

193.30

ByPasses Length

Km

--

27.7

27.7

77

77

77

79

80.5

113.3

Width at 11 m depth

m

--

60

89

160/175

170/190

180/200

195/215

205/225

205/225

Water depth Max.

m

8

14

15.5

19.5

20.5

21

22.5

24

24

 Draft of ship

Feet

22

35

38

53

56

58

62

66

66

Cross Sectional Area

m 2

304

1200

1800

3250/3600

3600/4000

3850/4300

4350/4800

4800/5200

4800/5200

Max. Loaded ship

DWT

5000

30000

60000

150000

170000

185000

210000

240000

240000

 

Note : Bypasses length is calculated according to the kilometric numbering of buoys at the beginning and end of each bypass.

 

Cross Sectional Area:

ross Sectional Area:

 

 

 

 

Capacity of the Canal:

Suez Canal Authority has completed its planned phase to increase the Canal permissible draft to 66 ft at January 2010.

This enables the Canal to accommodate the following percentages of the fully loaded vessels: 

 

61.2 % Of the Tanker Fleet

92.7 % Of the Bulk Carrier Fleet

100 % Of the Container Ships & Other Ships

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